Advocacy Skills and Themes








The proposed skills to be practised are listed below and are designed to become progressively more difficult so that practionners of all experience levels are able to benefit and choose which particular skill they wish to practise.

 a) Witness Handling:

  • General aims 
  • Preparing a case and thinking about advocacy 
  • Purpose of examination-in-chief and techniques used 
  • Purpose of cross-examination and techniques used 
  • Purpose of re-examination and techniques used 

i) General types of witnesses:

  • Honest witness 
  • Forgetful witness 
  • Evasive witness 
  • Argumentative witness 

ii) Using aids during advocacy:

  • Introducing and using exhibits 
  • Dealing with interviews/statements or inconsistent statements 
  • Working with interpreters 

iii) Advanced witness handling - dealing with specific categories of witness and useful techniques:

  • Vulnerable witnesses and crimes of sexual violence 
  • Accomplices 
  • Experts 
  • Investigators/Police Officers 

b) Opening – purpose and techniques

c) Closing – purpose and techniques

d) Motion Advocacy – differences and techniques

e) Appellate Advocacy – differences and techniques